is below this banner.

Can't find a solution anywhere?

NEED A FAST ANSWER TO ANY QUESTION OR ASSIGNMENT?

You will get a detailed answer to your question or assignment in the shortest time possible.

## Here's the Solution to this Question

Let us determine if the following is an equivalence relation on $X = \{1, 2, 3, 4, 5\}.$ If the following are equivalence relation, then let us enumerate its equivalence classes.

1. $R=\{(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4. 4), (5. 5), (1, 3), (3, 1)\}$

Taking into account that $\{(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4. 4), (5. 5)\}\subset R,$ we conclude that the relation is reflexive. Since $R^{-1}=\{(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4. 4), (5. 5), (3, 1), (1, 3)\}=R,$ the relation $R$ is symmetric. Taking into account that $(a,b),(b,c)\in R$ implies $(a,c)\in R$ for all $(a,b),(b,c)\in R,$ we conclude that this relation is transitive.

Let us enumerate its equivalence classes. Recall that $[a]=\{x\in X:(a,x)\in R\}.$ It follows that there are 4 different equivalence classes: $=\{1,3\},\ =\{2\},\ =\{4\},\ =\{5\}.$

2. $R=\{(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4, 4), (5, 5), (1, 5),(5, 1), (3, 5), (5, 3), (1, 3), (3, 1)\}$

Taking into account that $\{(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4. 4), (5. 5)\}\subset R,$ we conclude that the relation is reflexive. Since $R^{-1}=\{(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4, 4), (5, 5), (5, 1), (1, 5),(5, 3), (3, 5), (3, 1),(1, 3)\}=R,$

the relation $R$ is symmetric. Taking into account that $(a,b),(b,c)\in R$ implies $(a,c)\in R$ for all $(a,b),(b,c)\in R,$ we conclude that this relation is transitive.

Let us enumerate its equivalence classes. It follows that there are 3 different equivalence classes: $=\{1,3,5\},\ =\{2\},\ =\{4\}.$

3. $R=\{(x, y) :13\text{ divides }x + y\}$

Taking into account that 13 does not divide $2=1+1,$ we conclude that $(1,1)\notin R,$ and hence $R$ is not reflexive. Therefore, $R$ is not an equivalence relation.